Sphinx


Sphinx
   The name given by the ancient *Greeks to the divine lions of Egypt, with the heads of pharaohs. 'Sphinx' is probably derived from their original Egyptian name 'shesep ankh', meaning 'living image'. In Egypt, the sphinx was almost always the male representation of royal power, in contrast to the Greek sphinx which was female and had an evil function.
   The most famous Egyptian example is the Great Sphinx at Giza, reputed to possess the facial features of King *Chephren, which in antiquity guarded the ancient necropolis. At the Temple of Amun at Karnak, the entrance is guarded by two lines of ram-headed, lion-bodied sphinxes which incorporate the powers of the lion and of Amun's cult-animal, the ram.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
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   Greek name for the human-headed lion depicted in Egyptian art, especially large sculpture. The most famous example is the Great Sphinx at Giza, which was carved from a rocky knoll in the form of King Khafre. This sphinx was later identified with a form of the sun god Harmakhis. In particular, it was venerated and restored by Thutmose IV, who attributed his unexpected succession to its divine intercession. Monumental sphinxes were produced during Dynasty 12, although they were wrongly assigned to the Hyksos by early Egyptologists. The Great Sphinx was first cleared by Giovanni Battista Caviglia in 1817 and subsequently by Auguste Mariette in 1853, Gaston Maspero in 1889, and Eugene Baraize from 1923–1936. It has recently been restored.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • sphinx — [ sfɛ̃ks ] n. m. • 1553; sphinge 1546; lat. d o. gr. sphinx, sphingis 1 ♦ Monstre fabuleux, lion ailé à tête et buste de femme, qui tuait les voyageurs quand ils ne résolvaient pas l énigme qu il leur proposait. Le Sphinx se jeta du haut d un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sphinx — (mask. o. fem., Plural: Sphinxe oder Sphingen) bezeichnet: Sphinx (ägyptisch), eine Figur der ägyptischen Mythologie die Große Sphinx von Gizeh, ein bekanntes Bauwerk des Alten Ägypten Sphinx (griechisch), eine Figur der griechischen Mythologie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sphinx — Sphinx, n. [L., from Gr. sfi gx, usually derived from sfi ggein to bind tight or together, as if the Throttler.] 1. (a) In Egyptian art, an image of granite or porphyry, having a human head, or the head of a ram or of a hawk, upon the wingless… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sphinx — 〈[sfịnks]〉 I 〈m. 1; Pl. a.: Sphịn|gen; umg. a. f. 7〉 ägypt. Fabelwesen mit Löwenleib u. Menschenkopf II 〈f. 7; unz.; grch. Myth.〉 weibl. Ungeheuer mit Löwenleib u. Frauenkopf, das jeden tötete, der sein Rätsel nicht lösen konnte [grch.] * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sphinx — SPHINX, gis, Gr. Σφίγξ, γος, (⇒ Tab. V.) 1 §. Namen. Einige leiten diesen Namen von dem griechischen Worte σφίγγινειν, zusammenziehen, her, weil solches Ungeheuer mit seinen Räthseln die Menschen gleichsam verstrickt habe. Casal. de Rit. veter.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Sphinx — puede referirse: a los monumentos Esfinge; a la banda Sphinx de Cádiz, España; al gato doméstico tipo Sphynx; al motor de búsqueda para SQL, distribuido bajo licencia GPL v2, llamado Sphinx; al reconocedor de voz CMU Sphinx; [1] la película… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SPHINX — monstrum ex Typhone et Echidna natum, uti tradit Hyginus Fab. Poet. 151. caput et faciem habens puellae, alas vero avium, reliquô corpore canis referens effigiem. Sedem habuisle dicitur in Sphingio monte, qui Sphicium Lycophr. iuxta Thebas, atque …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sphinx — the Sphinx a) also the Great Sphinx a large, very ancient sphinx which is close to the Pyramids of El Giza in Egypt and is visited by many tourists b) in Greek ↑mythology, a creature with the head of a woman and the body of a lion. She lay… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Sphinx [2] — Sphinx, Name von Steinbildern in Löwengestalt mit Menschenkopf, stehend oder auf einem Sockel liegend, die Vorderbeine vorwärts gestreckt, die Hinterbeine untergeschlagen. Das Fabeltier des (männlichen) S. ist wohl in Ägypten heimisch, wo es als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sphinx — Sf rätselhaftes, undurchschaubares Wesen erw. bildg. (16. Jh.) Onomastische Bildung. Nach der Sphinx der griechischen Mythologie, einem Fabelwesen (halb geflügelter Löwe, halb Frau), das jedem Vorbeikommenden ein Rätsel aufgab und ihn tötete,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • sphinx — early 15c., monster of Gk. mythology, from L. Sphinx, from Gk. Sphinx, lit. the strangler, a back formation from sphingein to squeeze, bind (see SPHINCTER (Cf. sphincter)). Monster, having a lion s (winged) body and a woman s head, that waylaid… …   Etymology dictionary